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[House Report 111-622]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]

111th Congress Report
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
2d Session 111-622

======================================================================

AFFIRMATION OF THE UNITED STATES RECORD ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE
RESOLUTION

_______

September 22, 2010.–Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to be
printed

_______

Mr. Berman, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, submitted the

following

R E P O R T

together with

ADDITIONAL VIEWS

[To accompany H. Res. 252]

The Committee on Foreign Affairs, to whom was referred the resolution (H. Res. 252) calling upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report favorably thereon without amendment and recommend that the resolution be agreed to.

CONTENTS

Page
Summary…………………………………………………. 2
Background and Purpose for the Legislation………………….. 2
Hearings………………………………………………… 2
Committee Consideration…………………………………… 2
Votes of the Committee……………………………………. 2
Committee Oversight Findings………………………………. 3
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures…………………… 3
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate…………………… 3
Performance Goals and Objectives…………………………… 3
Constitutional Authority Statement…………………………. 3
New Advisory Committees…………………………………… 3
Congressional Accountability Act…………………………… 3
Earmark Identification……………………………………. 4
Section-by-Section Analysis and Discussion………………….. 4
Additional Views…………………………………………. 8

SUMMARY

H. Res. 252, the “Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution,” calls upon the President to ensure that U.S. foreign policy reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the U.S. record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences of the failure to realize a just resolution. It also calls upon the President in the President’s annual message commemorating the Armenian Genocide, to accurately characterize the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians as genocide, and to recall the proud history of U.S. intervention in opposition to the Armenian Genocide.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE FOR THE LEGISLATION

H. Res. 252, the “Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution,” was introduced on March 17, 2009, by Rep. Adam B. Schiff (D-CA) and 76 original cosponsors.

The deportations of ethnic Armenians from the eastern Ottoman provinces that began in 1915 resulted in 1.5 million deaths. The United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire at the time, the Honorable Henry Morgenthau, later wrote that: “When the Turkish authorities gave the orders for these deportations, they were merely giving the death warrant to a whole race.”

Accordingly, H. Res. 252 calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide. It relates facts and statements that the deaths of 1.5 million ethnic Armenians over a period of several years starting in 1915 in regions controlled by the former Ottoman Empire were the result of a purposeful campaign of genocide against the Armenian nation. It declares that the United States House of Representatives calls on the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences of the failure to realize a just resolution. It also calls upon the President, in his annual message commemorating the Armenian Genocide, to accurately characterize the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians as genocide and to recall the proud history of United States intervention in opposition to the Armenian Genocide.

HEARINGS

The committee did not hold hearings on this legislation.

COMMITTEE CONSIDERATION

On March 4, 2010, the committee held a markup of H. Res. 252 and passed a motion to order the legislation reported favorably by a vote of 23 ayes to 22 nays, a quorum being present.

VOTES OF THE COMMITTEE

On the vote to order the legislation favorably reported:

Voting yes: Berman, Ackerman, Faleomavaega, Payne, Sherman, Engel, Watson, Sires, Green, Woolsey, Lee, Berkley, Crowley, Costa, Ellison, Giffords, Klein, Smith, Gallegly, Rohrabacher, Manzullo, Royce and Bilirakis.

Voting no: Delahunt, Meeks, Carnahan, Connolly, McMahon, Tanner, Ross, Miller, Scott, Ros-Lehtinen, Burton, Paul, Flake, Pence, Wilson, Boozman, Barrett, Mack, Fortenberry, McCaul, Poe and Inglis.

COMMITTEE OVERSIGHT FINDINGS

In compliance with clause 3(c)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the committee reports that the findings and recommendations of the committee, based on oversight activities under clause 2(b)(1) of rule X of the Rules of the House of Representatives, are incorporated in the descriptive portions of this report.

NEW BUDGET AUTHORITY AND TAX EXPENDITURES

In compliance with clause 3(c)(2) of House Rule XIII, the committee adopts as its own the estimate of new budget authority, entitlement authority, or tax expenditures or revenues contained in the cost estimate prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office, pursuant to section 402 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE COST ESTIMATE

In compliance with clause 3(c)(3) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, no estimate or comparison prepared by the Director of the Congressional Budget Office is necessary for H. Res. 252.

PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

The Act is intended to ensure that U.S. foreign policy reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the U.S. record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences of the failure to realize a just resolution; and in the President’s annual message commemorating the Armenian Genocide, to characterize the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians as genocide, and to recall the proud history of U.S. intervention in opposition to the Armenian Genocide.

CONSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY STATEMENT

Pursuant to clause 3(d)(1) of rule XIII of the Rules of the House of Representatives, the committee finds the authority for this legislation in article I, section 8 of the Constitution.

NEW ADVISORY COMMITTEES

H. Res. 252 does not establish or authorize any new advisory committees.

CONGRESSIONAL ACCOUNTABILITY ACT

H. Res. 252 does not apply to the Legislative Branch.

earmark identification

H. Res. 252 does not contain any congressional earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as defined in clause 9(d), 9(e), or 9(f) of rule XXI.

section-by-section analysis and discussion
Section 1. Short title

The resolution may be cited as the “Affirmation of the United States Record on the Armenian Genocide Resolution.”

Section 2. Findings

The resolution states that the Armenian Genocide was conceived and carried out by the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1923, resulting in the deportation of nearly 2 million Armenians, of whom 1.5 million men, women and children were killed, 500,000 survivors were expelled from their homes, and which succeeded in the elimination of the over 2,500-year presence of Armenians in their historic homeland.

The resolution states that on May 24, 1915, the Allied Powers, England, France, and Russia, jointly issued a statement explicitly charging for the first time ever another government of committing a “crime against humanity.”

The resolution states that this joint statement stated “the Allied Governments announce publicly to the Sublime Porte that they will hold personally responsible for these crimes all members of the Ottoman Government, as well as those of their agents who are implicated in such massacres.”

The resolution states that the post-World War I Turkish Government indicted the top leaders involved in the “organization and execution” of the Armenian Genocide and in the “massacre and destruction of the Armenians.”

The resolution states that in a series of courts-martial, officials of the Young Turk Regime were tried and convicted, as charged, for organizing and executing massacres against the Armenian people.

The resolution states that the chief organizers of the Armenian Genocide, Minister of War Enver, Minister of the Interior Talaat, and Minister of the Navy Jemal were all condemned to death for their crimes; however, the verdicts of the courts were not enforced.

The resolution states that the Armenian Genocide and these domestic judicial failures are documented with overwhelming evidence in the national archives of Austria, France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia, the United States, the Vatican and many other countries, and this vast body of evidence attests to the same facts, the same events, and the same consequences.

The resolution states that the United States National Archives and Record Administration holds extensive and thorough documentation on the Armenian Genocide, especially in its holdings under Record Group 59 of the United States Department of State, files 867.00 and 867.40, which are open and widely available to the public and interested institutions.

The resolution states that the Honorable Henry Morgenthau, United States Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1913 to 1916, organized and led protests by officials of many countries, among them the allies of the Ottoman Empire, against the Armenian Genocide.

The resolution states that Ambassador Morgenthau explicitly described to the United States Department of State the policy of the Government of the Ottoman Empire as “a campaign of race extermination,” and was instructed on July 16, 1915, by United States Secretary of State Robert Lansing that the “Department approves your procedure . . . to stop Armenian persecution.”

The resolution refers to a Senate Concurrent Resolution 12 of February 9, 1916, resolved that “the President of the United States be respectfully asked to designate a day on which the citizens of this country may give expression to their sympathy by contributing funds now being raised for the relief of the Armenians,” who at the time were enduring “starvation, disease, and untold suffering.”

The resolution states that President Woodrow Wilson concurred and also encouraged the formation of the organization known as Near East Relief, chartered by an Act of Congress, which contributed some $116 million from 1915 to 1930 to aid Armenian Genocide survivors, including 132,000 orphans who became foster children of the American people.

The resolution states that Senate Resolution 359, dated May 11, 1920, stated in part, “the testimony adduced at the hearings conducted by the subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations have clearly established the truth of the reported massacres and other atrocities from which the Armenian people have suffered.”

The resolution states that the resolution followed the April 13, 1920, report to the Senate of the American Military Mission to Armenia led by General James Harbord, that stated “[m]utilation, violation, torture, and death have left their haunting memories in a hundred beautiful Armenian valleys, and the traveler in that region is seldom free from the evidence of this most colossal crime of all the ages.”

The resolution states that as displayed in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Adolf Hitler, on ordering his military commanders to attack Poland without provocation in 1939, dismissed objections by saying “[w]ho, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?” and thus set the
stage for the Holocaust.

The resolution states that Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term “genocide” in 1944, and who was the earliest proponent of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide, invoked the Armenian case as a definitive example of genocide in the 20th century.

The resolution states that the first resolution on genocide adopted by the United Nations at Lemkin’s urging, the December 11, 1946, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 96(1) and the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide itself recognized the Armenian Genocide as the type of crime the United Nations intended to prevent and punish by codifying existing standards.

The resolution that in 1948, the United Nations War Crimes Commission invoked the Armenian Genocide “precisely . . . one of the types of acts which the modern term `crimes against humanity’ is intended to cover” as a precedent for the Nuremberg tribunals.

The resolution that the Commission stated that “[t]he provisions of Article 230 of the Peace Treaty of Sevres were obviously intended to cover, in conformity with the Allied note of 1915 . . ., offenses which had been committed on Turkish territory against persons of Turkish citizenship, though of Armenian or Greek race. This article constitutes therefore a precedent for Article 6c and 5c of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Charters, and offers an example of one of the categories of `crimes against humanity’ as understood by these enactments.”

The resolution refers to a House Joint Resolution 148,
adopted on April 8, 1975, resolved: “[t]hat April 24, 1975, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance of Man’s Inhumanity to Man,’ and the President of the United States is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the victims of genocide, especially those of Armenian ancestry . . .”;

The resolution states that President Ronald Reagan in proclamation number 4838, dated April 22, 1981, stated in part “like the genocide of the Armenians before it, and the genocide of the Cambodians, which followed it–and like too many other persecutions of too many other people–the lessons of the Holocaust must never be forgotten.”

The resolution refers to a House Joint Resolution 247,
adopted on September 10, 1984, resolved: “[t]hat April 24, 1985, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance of Man’s Inhumanity to Man,’ and the President of the United States is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the victims of genocide,  especially the one and one-half million people of Armenian ancestry.”

The resolution states that in August 1985, after extensive study and deliberation, the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities voted 14 to 1 to accept a report entitled “Study of the Question of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,” which stated “[t]he Nazi aberration has unfortunately not been the only case of genocide in the 20th century. Among other examples  which can be cited as qualifying are . . . the Ottoman massacre of Armenians in 1915-1916.”

The resolution states that this report also explained that “[a]t least 1,000,000, and possibly well over half of the Armenian population, are reliably estimated to have been killed or death marched by independent authorities and eye-witnesses. This is corroborated by reports in United States, German and British archives and of contemporary diplomats in the Ottoman Empire, including those of its ally Germany.”

The resolution states that the United States Holocaust
Memorial Council, an independent Federal agency, unanimously resolved on April 30, 1981, that the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum would include the Armenian Genocide in the Museum and has since done so.

The resolution states that reviewing an aberrant 1982
expression (later retracted) by the United States Department of State asserting that the facts of the Armenian Genocide may be ambiguous, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1993, after a review of documents pertaining to the policy record of the United States, noted that the assertion on ambiguity in the United States record about the Armenian Genocide “contradicted longstanding United States policy and was eventually retracted.”

The resolution states that on June 5, 1996, the House of Representatives adopted an amendment to House Bill 3540 (the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997) to reduce aid to Turkey by $3 million (an estimate of its payment of lobbying fees in the United States) until the Turkish Government acknowledged the Armenian Genocide and took steps to honor the memory of its victims.

The resolution states that President William Jefferson Clinton, on April 24, 1998, stated: “This year, as in the past, we join with Armenian-Americans throughout the nation in commemorating one of the saddest chapters in the history of this century, the deportations and massacres of a million and a half Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in the years 1915-1923.”

The resolution states that President George W. Bush, on April 24, 2004, stated: “On this day, we pause in remembrance of one of the most horrible tragedies of the 20th century, the annihilation of as many as 1,500,000 Armenians through forced exile and murder at the end of the Ottoman Empire.”

The resolution states that despite the international recognition and affirmation of the Armenian Genocide, the failure of the domestic and international authorities to punish those responsible for the Armenian Genocide is a reason why similar genocides have recurred and may recur in the future, and that a just resolution will help prevent future genocides.

Section 3. Declaration of policy

The resolution calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences of the failure to realize a just resolution.

In addition, the resolution calls upon the President in the President’s annual message commemorating the Armenian Genocide issued on or about April 24, to accurately characterize the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1.5 million Armenians as genocide and to recall the proud history of United States intervention in opposition to the Armenian Genocide.

ADDITIONAL VIEWS

This committee has, over the past few years, debated the issues raised by proposed measures similar to House Resolution 252 (H. Res. 252). These resolutions, and H. Res. 252 in particular, represent the desire of the ethnic Armenian victims, as well as their survivors and descendants, to have the inter-ethnic violence that wracked the disintegrating Ottoman Turkish Empire early in the last century recognized as a genocide.

Concurrently, there have been repeated calls in recent years for the establishment of a joint historical commission to review all of the events involved in the wave of atrocities that occurred in the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century.

Members of the committee, as articulated during consideration of H. Res. 252, have been encouraged by the recent willingness of the leadership of the Governments of Armenia and Turkey to agree to such a commission, as laid out in the two protocols they agreed to in October 2009. These two protocols called for: The opening of the border; a commitment to refrain from all forms of terrorism, extremism and violence; and the establishment of diplomatic relations. They also called for the establishment of a historical commission to conduct an impartial, scientific examination of records and archives relating to the devastating events of 1915. This is an effort worthy of support.

Therefore, any archives that may contain relevant documents regarding the atrocities, warfare and inter-ethnic violence in the Ottoman Empire in that period, which have not been fully opened, should be made immediately available to both countries, to a joint historical commission described in the two protocols, and to interested parties researching the events of that time. Philip H. Gordon, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, stated on March 16, 2010, “As President Obama has said, our interest is in a full, frank and just acknowledgement of the facts related to the events of 1915. But the best way to do that, we believe, is for the Armenian and Turkish people themselves to address this history as part of their efforts to build a future of shared peace and prosperity.” The committee should take steps to encourage such transparency and cooperation.

Inevitably, in all committee and congressional debates on measures such as House Resolution 252, issues related to the broader national interests of the United States must be considered. Such issues are a necessary review of the potential implications of congressional action on a particular measure for the security, strategic, and foreign policy needs and priorities of the United States. Such consideration is not an attempt to judge the arguments for or against the case that the atrocities and events of the early 20th century in Ottoman Turkey amounted to genocide but, rather, is a necessary exercise to fully understand the implications of the committee’s and Congress’ actions with respect to H. Res. 252 on our Nation’s continuing effort to combat global extremism, as well as on the success of our military operations and safety of our troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, given Turkey’s role in our Nation’s ability to carry out its mission in these two fronts. As noted by several former Secretaries of State in a letter to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in 2007 regarding a measure similar to H. Res. 252, passage of such a resolution could undermine U.S. national security interests in the region, including the safety of our troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, by jeopardizing the U.S.-Turkey strategic relationship. Specifically, these former Secretaries of State wrote, “Turkey is an indispensable partner to our efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan, helping U.S. military with access to Turkish airspace, military bases, and the border crossing with Iraq . . . Turkey is a linchpin in the transshipment of vital cargo and fuel resources to U.S. troops, coalition partners and Iraqi civilians. Turkish troops serve shoulder-to-shoulder with distinction with U.S. and other NATO allies in the Balkans.” House Armed Services Committee Chairman Ike Skelton and House Readiness Subcommittee Chairman Congressman Solomon Ortiz also voiced concern, at that time, in a separate letter to Speaker Pelosi, and cautioned that “approving [such a measure] in the House of Representatives would be counterproductive to U.S. national interests in the Middle East and could hinder  America’s ability to strategically redeploy U.S. military forces from Iraq.” Further information on these and related issues was also provided at the time by the Executive Branch, in classified form, to assist the committee members in their consideration of the measure then before the committee.

When House Resolution 252 was scheduled for markup by the committee, the Minority on the committee and the Minority Leadership of the House requested current assessments from the Executive Branch regarding the bilateral relationship between the U.S. and both Turkey and Armenia and the potential implications for U.S. national security and strategic interests of committee adoption of the measure. Despite repeated inquiries, such updated materials were not provided in any form. However, news reports published in the days surrounding committee consideration of the resolution, highlighted the current Administration’s opposition to the committee’s action on H. Res. 252 on March 4, 2010:

“In a last-ditch attempt to avoid a vote, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton telephoned Howard Berman, the House Foreign Affairs Committee chairman . . . to highlight the potential fallout.” (The Times of London, March 4, 2010)

“. . . Clinton said her government would `work very hard to make sure it does not go to the House floor.’ US President Barack Obama’s administration had been silent about the resolution until shortly before the vote at the House of Representatives, when it said it opposed its passage.”  (The Jerusalem Post, March 5, 2010)

“The U.S. Secretary of Defense said on Saturday. . . . `We certainly hope that the Congress and the House of  Representatives take this measure no further.”’ (Turkish English Language Daily-Todays Zaman, March 14, 2010)

Further, as the United States is currently engaged in complex efforts to compel the Iranian regime to abandon its nuclear program and all other activities that threaten the United States, our interests, and our allies, the committee and the Congress should consider Turkey and Armenia’s actions vis- a-vis Iran and the potential impact that adoption of H. Res. 252 could have on the ability of the U.S. to secure cooperation from both countries in isolating the Iranian regime. In recent months, Turkey has voted against stronger sanctions against Iran in the United Nations Security Council, has emphatically stated that energy agreements with Iran shall continue, and has signed agreements for a $1 billion gas pipeline deal and for the liberalization of visas for travel between the two countries. For its part, Armenia, as the State Department noted in its 2008 Country Reports on Terrorism, has been “reluctant” to engage in international efforts to criticize or pressure Iran to abandon its nuclear ambitions. Armenia and Iran have instead continued to strengthen their cooperative relations on finance, transportation and energy-related projects. As this report is being written, Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki and Armenian Foreign Minister Eduard Nalbandian have in fact announced the two countries’ intention to further increase bilateral ties.

Ultimately, congressional action on issues addressed in H. Res. 252 affecting Armenia and Turkey should focus on encouraging the governments of the two countries to reinvigorate their earlier, tentative agreement, embodied in the protocols of 2009, to establish a joint historical commission to conduct an impartial inquiry, toward an improvement of relations between the governments and the people of Turkey and Armenia.

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.
Dan Burton.
Jeff Flake.
Joe Wilson.
Ted Poe.
Bob Inglis.

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On September 6, 2014, founding member of the “Stop Armenian Corruption” movement, Ara Manoogian, delivers information to ARTN-TV owner Robert Oxlaxchhyan regarding the “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund (HAAF) and the Armenian Governments corruption. Manoogian encouraged ARTN to reconsider broadcasting a telethon [READ MORE…]

Discussing Haqqin.az's Defamation of Ara Manoogian on Naira Khachatrian Live

Discussing Haqqin.az’s Defamation of Ara Manoogian on Naira Khachatrian Live

Human rights activist Ara Manoogian was guest of the August 19, 2014 episode of Naira Khachatrian Live TV Show on AMGA TV. Naira Khachatrian and Ara Manoogian discussed the latter’s defamation by Azeri Haqqin.az news outlet and various reactions to [READ MORE…]

AXA Settlement Fund Board Alleges Embezzlements of Funds for Genocide Victims’ Heirs

The AXA Settlement Fund Board, established in France, in August 2007, to oversee the distribution of funds among insured Genocide victims’ heirs, issued a statement on May 26, 2014 about embezzlement of AXA funds, particularly, the compensation of the insured [READ MORE…]

Garo Ghazarian on the Armenian Genocide,  and Turkey's Hand in Kessab Attack

Garo Ghazarian on the Armenian Genocide, and Turkey’s Hand in Kessab Attack

Garo Ghazarian, Chairman of the Armenian Bar Association, speaks on the Armenian Genocide, and Turkey’s Hand in Kessab Attack, during the mass protest against Turkey’s denial of the Armenia Genocide, held in front of the Turkish Consulate in Los Angeles, [READ MORE…]

Congressman Adam Schiff Reacts to New Evidence on Chemical Attack in Syria

Congressman Adam Schiff Reacts to New Evidence on Chemical Attack in Syria

This video is a fragment from a Congressional press conference, led by Congressman Adam Schiff (D-CA), condemning the forced depopulation of the historically Armenian city of Kessab, Syria by Al-Qaeda affiliated terrorists aided and abetted by neighboring Turkey, reported the [READ MORE…]

Sy Hersh Reveals Potential Turkish Role in Syria Chemical Strike That Almost Sparked U.S. Bombing

Sy Hersh Reveals Potential Turkish Role in Syria Chemical Strike That Almost Sparked U.S. Bombing

Was Turkey behind last year’s Syrian chemical weapons attack? That is the question raised in a new exposé by Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Seymour Hersh on the intelligence debate over the deaths of hundreds of Syrians in Ghouta last year. The [READ MORE…]

“Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund U.S. Western Region Sponsors Audit Trip

“Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund U.S. Western Region Sponsors Audit Trip

For the sake of transparency and accountability, The Truth Must Be Told, a Los Angeles-based civil initiative, is organizing an audit trip to Armenia and Artsakh to examine the quality of the work carried out by “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund, in [READ MORE…]

Artsakh Government Buys Expensive Cars after Telethon

Artsakh Government Buys Expensive Cars after Telethon

In Artsakh-related Facebook groups the most discussed topic is Artsakh government’s recent decision to allocate $250 thousand for upgrading its fleet vehicles, following the “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund’s Telethon for the construction of Karvachar-Sotk highway. According to the sources, a vehicle [READ MORE…]

Alexandre Varbedian's Book Launch Prevented in Los Angeles

Alexandre Varbedian’s Book Launch Prevented in Los Angeles

Despite preliminary arrangements, Armenian Society of Los Angeles (Association of Iranian-Armenians) denied Alexandre Varbedian the use of their premises for the launch of one of his books in November 2013. The details are in the interview with the author. This [READ MORE…]

Video about "Hayastan" All-Armenian Fund

Video about “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund

“To Donate Or Not to Donate “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund” is a video (with English and Armenian subtitles) touching on some of the topics discussed in the white paper on the Fund, which can be found at http://www.thetruthmustbetold.com/wp-content/uploads/haaf-eng.pdf/

Boycott Armenia Fund

Boycott Armenia Fund

The November 26, 2013 episode of The Truth Must Be Told TV presented the following: impressions and fragments from “Stop Armenian Corruption” Town Hall Meeting (Glendale Public Library, November 23, 2013); Ara K. Manoogian’s presentation about “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund; highlights [READ MORE…]

Human Rights Activist Threatened By Persons Claiming To Be Sheriff's Deputies

Human Rights Activist Threatened By Persons Claiming To Be Sheriff’s Deputies

BREAKING NEWS: Robert Avetisyan, Artsakh Permanent Representative in the U.S., falsely reports on U.S. human rights activist Ara K. Manoogian, causing a harassment by persons claiming to be Sheriff’s Deputies and an attempted arrest by the Glendale Police Department. Glendale, [READ MORE…]

To Donate or Not to Donate? to "Hayastan" All-Armenian Fund

To Donate or Not to Donate? to “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund

Ara K. Manoogian’s video presentation about the white paper, To Donate or Not to Donate, which was shown at the Town Hall meeting, “Stop Armenian Corruption” on November 23, 2013. For free download of To donate or Not to Donate, [READ MORE…]

Armenian Corruption & "Hayastan" All-Armenian Fund - 2

Armenian Corruption & “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund – 2

The November 12, 2013 episode of The Truth Must Be Told TV Show is the continuation of the previous show (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOaS34fjJ_o) is about Armenian corruption and whether it is worth donating to “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund. Ara Manoogian answers calls from [READ MORE…]

Arakel Movsisyan, a.k.a. Shmice, Insulting Zaruhi Postanjyan

Arakel Movsisyan, a.k.a. Shmice, Insulting Zaruhi Postanjyan

Arakel Movsisyan, a.k.a. Shmice, a member of Armenia’s National Assembly, insults Zaruhi Postanjyan, another member of the Armenian parliament from oppositional Zharangutyun (Heritage) faction. He is mad at Zaruhi Postanjyan for asking Serzh Sargsyan, self-proclaimed president of the Republic of [READ MORE…]

The Truth Must Be Told with Father Vatche Hayrapetyan

The Truth Must Be Told with Father Vatche Hayrapetyan

The Truth Must Be Told TV Show presents a telephone conversation between Ara Manoogian and Father Vatche Hayrapetyan, pastor of the Armenian community in Strasbourg, who poignantly criticizes the clergymen who have expressed negative opinions about him, namely, Arcbp. Norvan [READ MORE…]

Պատրիարք Մեսրոպ Մութաֆյանի նամակը Տեր Սահակ Գալստյանի վերլուծությամբ

Պատրիարք Մեսրոպ Մութաֆյանի նամակը Տեր Սահակ Գալստյանի վերլուծությամբ

«Ճշմարտությունը պիտի ասվի» հաղորդաշարի 2013 թ. օգոստոսի 6–ի թողարկման ընթացքում Տեր Սահակ Գալստյանը վերլուծում է Գարեգին Բ կաթողիկոսին 2000 թ. Պոլսո հայոց պատրիարք Մեսրոպ Մութաֆյանի ուղարկած նամակը, որտեղ քննադատվում են կաթողիկոսի կայացրած մի շարք կարևոր որոշումներ։ Հաղորդման ընթացքում ներկայացվում է [READ MORE…]

The Individual Who Is Speaking out against the Catholicos Is in an Obvious Mentally Unbalanced Condition, Fr. Vahram

The Individual Who Is Speaking out against the Catholicos Is in an Obvious Mentally Unbalanced Condition, Fr. Vahram

Source: Asekose.am Date: 07/12/2013, 11:50:34 Lately, an episode of The Truth Must Be Told TV Show prepared by our fellow Armenians in the U.S. has appeared on the Internet. It explores the steps Catholicos Garegin took, following Prime Minister Vazgen [READ MORE…]

Catholicos Karekin II's Violations in His First Year of Service

Catholicos Karekin II’s Violations in His First Year of Service

Or a Letter from Arshbisop Mesrop Mutafyan, Patriarch of Constantinople, to Karekin II Catholicos of All Armenians With Brotherly Love For information Mesrob M. [Mesrob II Mutafyan] 09-11-2000 ARMENIAN PATRIARCHATE Istanbul, 3 November 2000 Number 3848 H.H. Garegin II Supreme [READ MORE…]

Armenian Government Appoints Catholicoses

Armenian Government Appoints Catholicoses

The power shift that occurred in Armenia, following Armenia’s first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan’s resignation in 1998, brought no significant improvement to the rule of law. Election fraud remained the authorities’ key tool of longevity. Levon Ter-Petrosyan’s administration had interfered with [READ MORE…]

Celebration of the 95th Anniversary of the Establishment of the First Armenian Republic

Celebration of the 95th Anniversary of the Establishment of the First Armenian Republic

Armenian Bar Association organized an event in Glendale, CA, to celebrate the 95th Anniversary of the Independence Day of the First Armenian Republic, on May 28, 2013. Raffi Hovannisian, people’s choice for Armenia’s President 2013, was a special guest.

Election Fraud by the Numbers։ Response To Karekin II, Catholicos of All Armenians

Election Fraud by the Numbers։ Response To Karekin II, Catholicos of All Armenians

On April 20, 2013, one day after Epress.am republished Ara Manoogian’s article regarding the October 27, 1999 election fraud which resulted in enthroning Karekin II, Catholicos of All Armenians, Fr. Vahram Melikian, Chief Spokesman of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, [READ MORE…]

“Overly mean step”: Etchmiadzin Responds to Report on Electoral Fraud during Karekin II’s Election

“Overly mean step”: Etchmiadzin Responds to Report on Electoral Fraud during Karekin II’s Election

Source: Epress.am Date: April 19, 2013 Reverend Father Vahram Melikyan, Chief Spokesman of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, described American-Armenian reporter Ara Manoogian’s article, to which Epress.am referred yesterday, as “absolute nonsense”. In the article, Ara Manoogian says that voter [READ MORE…]

Electoral Fraud and Boycott: Ara K. Manoogian Guest of Veradardz TV Show

Electoral Fraud and Boycott: Ara K. Manoogian Guest of Veradardz TV Show

Ara K. Manoogian was the guest of Harut Bronozian’s Veradardz TV show on April 18, 2013. The topics of the discussion is the electoral fraud in the 2013 presidential election in Armenia, as well as the issue of boycotting Serzh [READ MORE…]

Artur Sakunts' Open Letter to U.S. President Barack Obama

Artur Sakunts’ Open Letter to U.S. President Barack Obama

Dear Mr. President of the United States, On March 2, 2013, the Armenian media disseminated your congratulatory message to the acting president of the Republic of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan on being re-elected as the president of Armenia on February 18, 2013. Your [READ MORE…]

Congratulations to re-elected Armenian president spark Burbank hunger strike

Congratulations to re-elected Armenian president spark Burbank hunger strike

Source: The Burbank Leader Author: Alene Tchekmedyian, Times Community News Date: March 25, 2013 Ara Manoogian hadn’t eaten for nine days as of Monday, and he was prepared to go without food for weeks, or even months, more. Camped in [READ MORE…]

BREAKING NEWS: Adam Schiff Seeking Response from White House and State Department to Ara K. Manoogian's Open Letter to U.S. President Obama

BREAKING NEWS: Adam Schiff Seeking Response from White House and State Department to Ara K. Manoogian’s Open Letter to U.S. President Obama

Burbank, CA – On March 21, 2013, Ara K. Manoogian, a human rights activist, visited U.S. Congressional Representative Adam Schiff’s office in Burbank, CA, to inquire whether there was any response from the Congressman to his open letter to U.S. [READ MORE…]

Hunger Strike, Day 1: Open Letter to U.S. President Barack Obama

Hunger Strike, Day 1: Open Letter to U.S. President Barack Obama

Ara K. Manoogian started a hunger strike on March 17, 2013, as a sign of protest against U.S. President Barack Obama’s recognition of the Armenian Presidential Election 2013, which was marred with considerable fraud in favor of the incumbent, Serzh [READ MORE…]

All about Ara Manoogian's Hunger Strike for Democracy and Rule of Law

All about Ara Manoogian’s Hunger Strike for Democracy and Rule of Law

This post includes comprehensive information and links regarding Ara K. Manoogian’s hunger strike that starts on Sunday, March 17, 2013, as announced in his Open Letter to U.S. President Barack Obama. FACT: On March 2, 2013, U.S. President Barack Obama [READ MORE…]

Armenia Misses Another Opportunity To Improve Elections

Armenia Misses Another Opportunity To Improve Elections

Reference id  aka Wikileaks id #243342  ? Subject Armenia Misses Another Opportunity To Improve Elections Origin Embassy Yerevan (Armenia) Cable time Wed, 13 Jan 2010 07:11 UTC Classification CONFIDENTIAL Source http://wikileaks.org/cable/2010/01/10YEREVAN19.html History Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked to Wikileaks Thu, 1 [READ MORE…]

The Business of Politics: Leading Enterprises of Political Elites

The Business of Politics: Leading Enterprises of Political Elites

Reference id  aka Wikileaks id #235119  ? Subject The Business Of Politics: Leading Enterprises Of Political Elites Origin Embassy Yerevan (Armenia) Cable time Tue, 17 Nov 2009 14:00 UTC Classification CONFIDENTIAL Source http://wikileaks.org/cable/2009/11/09YEREVAN798.html References 08YEREVAN369, 09YEREVAN106, 09YEREVAN369, 09YEREVAN372 History Time unknown: Original unredacted version, leaked [READ MORE…]

Los Angeles Armenian Are not Going to Keep Quiet about Election Fraud

Los Angeles Armenian Are not Going to Keep Quiet about Election Fraud

/Translated from the Armenian Source: 1in.am/ Election fraud is fought not only by Armenians living in Armenia but also those in the Diaspora. A protest took place in Los Angeles, yesterday, with the participation of around 50 people. The protest [READ MORE…]

Գլենդելյան Համերաշխության երթը դատապարտում է ընտրակեղծիքը Հայաստանում

Գլենդելյան Համերաշխության երթը դատապարտում է ընտրակեղծիքը Հայաստանում

/English below/ Գլենդել, Կալիֆորնիա – Համերաշխության երթ է տեղի ունեցել Գլենդելում, կիրակի, 2013 թ. փետրվարի 24-ին, Հայաստանում պայքարող ժողովրդին սատարելու նպատակով: Երթի նպատակն էր Լոս Անջելեսի հայ համայնքներում 2013 թ. Փետրվարի 18-ին կայացած ՀՀ նախագահի ընտրությունների արդյունքների կեղծման մասին իրազեկումը: [READ MORE…]

Բողոք ընտրախախտումների դեմ / Protest Against Election Fraud

Բողոք ընտրախախտումների դեմ / Protest Against Election Fraud

2013 թ. փետրվարի 21-ին 18:30 (6:30 pm) Լոս Անջելեսում ՀՀ հյուպատոսության շենքի առջև տեղի կունենա բողոքի ցույց ընդդեմ փետրվարի 18-ին ՀՀ նախագահի ընտրություններում տեղի ունեցած զանգվածային ընտրակեղծիքների, որոնք խեղել են ընտրության արդյունքները:

Դրոշմակնիքների ջնջումը, բազմակի քվեարկում / Removing Electoral Seals, Multiple Voting

Դրոշմակնիքների ջնջումը, բազմակի քվեարկում / Removing Electoral Seals, Multiple Voting

ՀՀ նախագահական ընտրությունների ժամանակ օգտագործված ընտրական դրոշմակնիքները հեշտությամբ ջնջման տեսանյութերի հավաքածու: Իսկ վերջում նկարահանված են մի խումբ մարդիկ, ում լրագրողը նկատել է մի քանի անձանգրերի դրոշմները ջնջելիս հավանաբար կրկնակի քվեարկության նպատակով:

Արցախի գլխի գալիքը Սերժ Սարգսյանի վերընտրման դեպքում / What Awaits Artsakh, If Serzh Sargsyan Is Re-Elected

Արցախի գլխի գալիքը Սերժ Սարգսյանի վերընտրման դեպքում / What Awaits Artsakh, If Serzh Sargsyan Is Re-Elected

/English text below/ Տեսանյութում հնչում է ՀՀ նախագահի աշխատակազմի ղեկավարի տեղակալ (իսկ 2011-ից` ղեկավար) Վիգեն Սարգսյանի հայտարարությունը արել է 2010 թ. փետրվարի 12-ին Վաշինգտոնում Ռազմավարական և միջազգային հետազոտությունների կենտրոնի (CSIS) կազմակերպած միջոցառման ժամանակ ի պատասխան նախկին ԼՂԻՄ-ի հարակից տարածքների վերաբերյալ [READ MORE…]

Ո՞վ վռնդեց սփյուռքահայ ներդրողին - Who Kicked Out Diaspora Armenian Investor?

Ո՞վ վռնդեց սփյուռքահայ ներդրողին – Who Kicked Out Diaspora Armenian Investor?

/English text below/ Տեսանյութում ես` Արա Խ. Մանուկյանս, երեք հարց եմ հղում ՀՀ նախագահի թեկնածու, նախկին վարչապետ Հրանտ Բագրատյանին մի արտահայտության վերաբերյալ, որը նա արել էր Policy Forum Armenia կազմակերպության կողմից 2009 թ. մայիսի 25-ին Երեւանում կազմակերպված «Դիմագրավելով համաշխարհային փոթորկին» [READ MORE…]

Սերժ, ինչո՞ւ մահացավ Վիլիկը

Սերժ, ինչո՞ւ մահացավ Վիլիկը

/English version/ Կարկառուն քվանտային ֆիզիկոս Վիլիկ Հարությունյանի մահվան մասին և դրանց առնչությամբ Սերժ Սարգսյանին ուղղված իմ երեք հարցը ներկայացնող կարճ տեսանյութի հրապարակումից հետո, News.am-ն այդ հարցերը վերահասցեավորեց գիտնականի դստերը` Կարինե Հարությունյանին: Լրատվամիջոցի փոխանցմամբ, նա վստահեցրել է, որ իր հոր մահվանն [READ MORE…]

Vilik Harutyunyan's Daughter Certain Recent Video Falsifies Her Father's Death Circumstances

Vilik Harutyunyan’s Daughter Certain Recent Video Falsifies Her Father’s Death Circumstances

Source: News.am Date: January 28, 2013, 18:56 Armenian version Vilik Harutyunyan’s daughter assures circumstances of her father’s death presented in the video are false For several days, some users have been sharing a video regarding the circumstances of death of [READ MORE…]

Վիլիկ Հարությունյանի դուստրը վստահեցնում է, որ իր հոր մահվանն առնչվող նյութում ներկայացված հանգամանքները կեղծված են

Վիլիկ Հարությունյանի դուստրը վստահեցնում է, որ իր հոր մահվանն առնչվող նյութում ներկայացված հանգամանքները կեղծված են

Աղբյուրը` News.am Հունվար 28, 2013 | 18:56 English version Վերջին օրերին համացանցում որոշ օգտատերերի կողմից շրջանառվում է մի տեսանյութ՝ կապված «Լազերային տեխնիկա»  գիտաարտադրական միավորման հիմնադիր եւ գլխավոր տնօրեն,  ֆիզիկամաթեմատիկական գիտությունների դոկտոր, պրոֆեսոր Վիլիկ Հարությունյանի մահվան հանգամանքների հետ:

Սերժ, ինչպե՞ս մահացավ Վիլիկը / Serzh, How Did Vilik Die?

Սերժ, ինչպե՞ս մահացավ Վիլիկը / Serzh, How Did Vilik Die?

Քաղցկեղից մահանալուց մի քանի ամիս առաջ հայտնի ամերիկահայ բարերար Վարդգես Պարսամը, ով 1988 թ. Սպիտակի երկրաշարժից հետո Հայաստանին առատորեն աջակցած սփյուռքահայերից մեկն է, իր ընկեր Արային որոշ մանրամասներ է հաղորդում

Yeghia Nersesian: Averting Environmental Disaster

Yeghia Nersesian: Averting Environmental Disaster

Բնապահպան Եղիա Ներսեսյանը «Բնապահպանական աղետի կանխում. լուծումներ անպատասխանատու հանքարդյունահանման խնդրին» խորագրով միջոցառման բանախոսն էր: Միջոցարումը տեղի է ունեցել Կալիֆորնիայի Շերման Օքս քաղաքում գտնվող Մերտինեան հայկական ավետարանչական դպրոցում 2012 թ. դեկտեմբերի 16-ին: Ներսեսյանի ելույթից հետո տեղի է ունեցել հարց ու պատասխան: [READ MORE…]

Analysis of Political and Environmental Struggle

Analysis of Political and Environmental Struggle

“Analysis of Political and Environmental Struggle” is an event that took place at Luna Playhouse in Glendale, CA, on December 10, 2012. The speakers were Tigran Khzmalyan, a film director, and Yeghia Nersesian, an environmental activist. A Q&A session followed [READ MORE…]

Protest to Prosecute Nemets Rubo in Glendale, CA

Protest to Prosecute Nemets Rubo in Glendale, CA

Սա Ռուբեն Հայրապետյանին դատական կարգով հետապնդելու պահանջն արտահայտող բողոքի ցույց է, որը տեղի է ունեցել 2012 թ. հուլիսի 13-ին Լոս Անջելեսում ՀՀ գլխավոր հյուպատոսության շենքի առջև, որը գտնվում է Գլենդելում: Ցույցի ընթացքում միջնորդագիր է հանձնվել գլխավոր հյուպատոսի ներկայացուցչին: Միջնորդագրին կարելի [READ MORE…]

Armenian Radio Hour of New Jersey discusses the murder of Dr. Vahe Avetyan and Member of Armenian Parliament Ruben Hayrapetyan, a.k.a. Nemets Rubo

Armenian Radio Hour of New Jersey discusses the murder of Dr. Vahe Avetyan and Member of Armenian Parliament Ruben Hayrapetyan, a.k.a. Nemets Rubo

Armenian Radio Hour of New Jersey discusses the murder of Dr. Vahe Avetyan and Member of Armenian Parliament Ruben Hayrapetyan, a.k.a. Nemets Rubo, on July 8, 2012, in New Jersey, NJ. The hosts of the radio show are Khoren Bezirdjian [READ MORE…]

National Suicide in Progress

National Suicide in Progress

(Հայերեն տարբերակը՝ «Ազգային ինքնասպանությունը՝ ընթացքի մեջ»)   I asked a provocative question at the Armenian National Committee (ANC)  Grassroots conference, on November 25, 2011, regarding the catastrophic proportions of emigration from Armenia, calling it “the white genocide of 2011”. I [READ MORE…]

How to Renovate Already Renovated Retirement Home (NEW DETAILS)

How to Renovate Already Renovated Retirement Home (NEW DETAILS)

(Հայերեն տարբերակ)   A few days ago the cost of the “Stepanakert Elderly House Reconstruction,” an ongoing project of “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund (HAAF), increased by 265%. This dramatic increase from about $400 thousand as of October 2011 to about $1 [READ MORE…]

What “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund Does Not Want You to Know

What “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund Does Not Want You to Know

(The French version, հայերեն տարբերակ) It has been a year since Sarkis Kotanjian, Executive Director of “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund (HAAF) Western U.S. region, gave a TV interview, during which he made so many untrue statements about the Fund that I [READ MORE…]

How to Renovate Already Renovated Retirement Home

How to Renovate Already Renovated Retirement Home

(the Armenian version) “Hayastan” All-Armenian Fund made an announcement in the summer of 2011 about launching a new project, which appeared controversial to me. The target was the Stepanakert Retirement Home, which was scheduled to undergo an extensive renovation thanks [READ MORE…]

When Seyran Ohanyan Gave Green Light To Army Violence

When Seyran Ohanyan Gave Green Light To Army Violence

The tradition for not punishing the military personnel for violence has been set by none other than Colonel-General Seyran Ohanyan, Defense Minister of Armenia, on June 19, 2005. That day Seyran Ohanyan, then the Defense Minister of Artsakh, together with a number of high-ranking military officials—Samvel Karapetyan, Vardan Balayan, Artur Harutiunyan, Vladik Khachatryan, as well as current Defense Minister of Artsakh, Movses Hakobyan—subjected Artsakh war veteran Pavel Manukyan to a severe gang beating within the walls of the Defense Ministry. The incident became a scandal both on TV, and in media, however, it didn’t get as much public attention as it would today thanks to the social networks. Numerous articles were written about the violence committed by High-Ranking Generals, the Armenian authorities call on the their counterparts in Artsakh to conduct impartial investigation of the matter, former Arkady Ghukasyan promised to guarantee unbiased administration of justice.

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